WORLD MYSTERY - Stonehenge: Legends and Theories
The mysterious megalith of Stonehenge is a unique monument on Salisbury Plain in Wiltshire, England. It was probably built by the unknown people of ancient England 2000 years before the Druids came to the Salisbury Plain.
Stonehenge means “hanging stones”. Some scholars think it means that the stones were used to hang criminals back in 3000 BC, when Stonehenge was started. Others believe that the stones were made on and that the name refers to the way the stones “hang” in the air.
There are many different legends and theories about Stonehenge. One legend states that the stones were made when dancing giants were transformed into stones. Another says that the devil purchased the stones from a woman in Ireland, and magically made them float to their new spot. One even claims that UFO’s have something to do with the place. In the 12th century it was believed to be a monument over King Arthur’s grave.
Some theories have attributed it to the Phoenicians, Romans, Vikings, and visitors from other worlds; others incline to the view that Stonehenge was connected with the Druids, a castle of Celtic priests who used it as a temple for sky worship, but this has never been definitively proven.
It was once thought to have been a type of prehistoric astronomical observatory or clock for predicting the seasons and other astronomical events. Stonehenge’s axis is pointed roughly in the direction of the sunrise at the summer and winter solstices. Some scientists believe that early people were able to foretell eclipses of the sun and the moon by the position of these celestial bodies in relation to the stone monument.
ULTIMO AGGIORNAMENTO 25 GIUGNO 2003